ZOO Bratislava


Status of animals


Group Species Individuals
Spolu 183 1290
 Invertebrates  14 499
Pisces 19 164
 Reptilia 20 41
Aves 46 202
Mammalia 84 384


What is EEP and ESB?

The European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) has established European Endangered species Programmes (EEP) and European StudBooks (ESB) for various endangered animal species. The first EEP programmes were established in 1985. In the present, there are EEP and ESB programmes involving over 250 species of animals. Each EEP has a breeding coordinator and many Zoos participate in it. EEP coordinators are responsible for collecting information on the status of particular animal species, producing studbooks citing demographical and genetic analyses, as well as suggestions for future group and species breeding management: the Species Committee together with the coordinators make recommendations suggesting which animals should breed or not, which individuals should go from one Zoo to another and so on.
For some endangered species of animals, there are established European StudBooks (ESB) which are compiled by specialists from various European Zoos. These studbooks show an exact overview of population data collection of European species, including origin, genetics, births, deaths, transfers etc. These data allow the studbook keepers to carry out analyses of the population of a species. The Zoos may ask the studbook keepers for recommendations on breeding or transfer. The studbook keepers may propose that the species be managed under the EEP. ESBs serve as a preparation phase for establishing EEPs.
The closest assistants of breeding coordinators for a given species are members of EEP board who cooperatively publish husbandry guides on housing, nutrition, prevention of diseases and inbreeding, and demographic and genetic variability of endangered species.
A systematic planning of each breeding programme is necessary. In the first stages, Taxon Advisory Groups (TAGs) are very helpful. They are the consultative bodies for a given animal species. There are 41 advisory groups at the present. Each group is led by a chairman, while breeding coordinators and advisors are its members. TAG survey is issued on regular basis: indenture of all animals living in European Zoos, as well as TAG Survey News, together provide an overview of all collections in European Zoos.

There is a European animal collection plan which indicates:

• recommendations about the number of breeding population
• recommendations on which species are advisable to be kept
• cooperative protection of particular populations

Information about animals is collected via:

• EEP questionnaires (as well as studbooks)
• TAG questionnaires (for TAG Survey Reports)
• ARKS: Animal Records Keeping System
• ISIS: International Species Information System


Participation of Bratislava Zoo on EEP (European Endangered Species Program): 32 species of animals



Participation of Bratislava Zoo on ESB (European Studbook): 10 species of animals